Though there has always been a political dimension to public discourse on sexuality, there is stress on the fact that sexuality has had far greater political, symbolic and metaphorical significance in democratizing and modernizing countries of Western Europe when normative gender roles, sexual minorities, and nonmainstream sexual practices were first widely discussed. The conflicts between conservatives and sexual reformers on abortion, homosexuality, and the gender double standard are astutely placed in national, legal, and religious contexts. But at the turn of the nineteenth to the twentieth century, also could be called as the century of sex , a number of factors came together or rather emerged to make sex highly a public topic.
Growing media attention
One of the factors was the growing media attention to the issue of prostitution or the commercialisation of sex. These attention was intensified by military and government authorities worry about the perceived spread of venerable diseases, and by public fascination with titillating stories of sex trafficking.
The rise of women movements in the domain of prostitution also spiked concern as it was done through sex forums, cam live, hot pics in as a sensibiliser. The movement challenged the entirety of the entrenched double standard of sexual morality, and above all express anger at the nonchalance with which authorities and the male public alike appeared to accept prostitution as simply a natural supplement to the institution of marriage
The growing desire for fertility control has been a crucial factor. Across European unions, couples sought to limit family size using a variety of measures and, despite the fact that contraceptive strategies often clash with longings for pleasure, birth-rates in all nations and all classes of society began dropping. Medical doctors and government authorities alike pay close attention to this phenomenon.
An increase voyeuristic public interest in scandals surrounding same sex activities
Many of them involving high ranking military officials, members of the aristocratic elites, and celebrities had been caught up in the act. What once had been a rather unremarkable feature of some individuals’ sexual habits became fodder for mass gossip. Same sex also fuelled scandals and speculations about human sexual predilections more generally as, at the same time, increased efforts at policing and repression of same sex activities were met with newly organized resistance from individuals who came to think of their preferences as an important part of their identities.